“Amillennialism 101”——音频和在线资源



可能 14 二千零一十九



It is impossible to imagine the misery Jonah endured for those three days and nights he spent in the belly of a huge fish–both his tomb and his salvation.  Jonah's distress is great–it is that of a dying man.  Yet,Jonah is not dying.  Beyond all human expectation,耶和华派了一条大鱼去救这位“不情愿的先知”from certain death in a watery grave.  Jonah's entombment in the fish is neither the end nor even the high point of the Jonah story.  But it is the literary hinge upon which the story turns from Jonah's flight from YHWH to the fulfillment of his prophetic mission.

约拿的预言开篇,耶和华差遣约拿往尼尼微人那里去传道,something which Jonah refused to do.  Attempting to flee from YHWH's call,Jonah boarded a ship bound for Tarshish.  But YHWH sent a great storm which threatened both Jonah's ship and its crew.  Realizing that his own sin was the cause of the storm,约拿遇到异教徒的船员,他们自己的神在平息风暴中无能为力。all onboard would be dead.  Jonah told the crew who he was,他的使命是什么,除非船员把他扔到海里they would not be spared.  The frightened crew did exactly that–they threw Jonah into the sea where he was certain to drown.  The moment Jonah was off the ship,YHWH缓和了,平息了风暴,并派了船员,who witnessed YHWH's great power.  The grateful crew offered YHWH sacrifices of thanksgiving.  But unbeknownst to them,耶和华奇迹般地救了约拿。约拿的故事是从他逃离尼尼微,到祷告悔改的时候(第二章),这是为实现耶和华更大的旨意,就是在尼尼微传福音作准备(第三章),约拿的终极使命。

正如我们在前几周看到的,the Book of Jonah is neither an allegory nor a moralistic fable designed to teach the reader that opposition to the will of God is futile.  No doubt,试图逃避上帝是我们能做的最愚蠢的事情之一,but the underlying message of Jonah is not the usual moralizing object lesson–obey God's call or else suffer the consequences.  The Prophecy of Jonah reveals that it is YHWH's redemptive purpose to save Gentiles who are outside of his covenant with Israel.  While dwelling in Canaan (the promised land) YHWH intended his people (Israel) to serve as witnesses of his holiness and righteousness to the neighboring Gentiles nations.  Once the unified nation of Israel (as in the days of David and Solomon) was divided by a Civil War and the Northern Kingdom became more and more apostate and disobedient to YHWH's covenant,以色列不再是忠实的见证人,但对于那些拒绝耶和华恩典的应许和保护,以换取一堆异教的粥的人来说,却成了一个悲哀的例子。

由于以色列未能履行耶和华见证人的职责,约的审判临到国民,正如先知阿摩司所预言的,和西阿所描述的。and the last of the prophets YHWH sent to the Northern Kingdom).  During the days of Hosea's ministry (he appears shortly after Amos and Jonah) the Assyrians invaded and conquered Israel,消灭它的人民。因为以色列没有成为Ywh对各国的见证,耶和华呼召约拿为外邦人作先知的见证,约拿要在尼尼微传道,是异教徒亚述帝国的核心


可能 13 二千零一十九


星期天的上午,5月19日:当保罗谈到男女在敬拜中的适当角色时,he appeals to the creation order--Adam was created before Eve.  We will tackle Paul's discussion in 1 Timothy 2:8-15.  Our worship service begins at 10:30 a.m.

周日下午:我们将在研究海德堡问答题(Q&A 12-15)的过程中经历主的第五天。我们将讨论基督作为恩典之约的中间人的工作(Q 15)。我们下午的服务从下午1点15分开始。




可能 12 二千零一十九



可能 10 二千零一十九



可能 08 二千零一十九



God called the Prophet Jonah to go to the city of Nineveh (in the heart of the Assyrian empire) and preach his word to the Ninevites.  Refusing to go to Nineveh,约拿却作了愚拙的事,要逃出耶和华那里去。boarding a ship which Jonah hoped would take him as far away from Nineveh as humanly possible.  But why was Jonah,被我们称为"不情愿的先知"so hesitant to go where YHHW was sending him?  The answer is both religious and political.  Jonah is an Israelite.  Assyria is Israel's enemy and a serious military threat.  Jonah knows that his own people (Israel) are hardening their hearts against YHWH and are likely to come under YHWH's judgment.  Jonah also knows that should he go to Nineveh and preach,也许会带来城市的忏悔,不受迫在眉睫的审判。作为一个忠诚的以色列人,Jonah fears that his preaching might be YHWH's means of sparing Assyria from judgment.  Jonah refuses YHWH's call to go and preach and attempts get as far away from Nineveh as he can.  But his plans are about to change in ways he cannot yet begin to imagine.  YHWH will change Jonah's mind and his destination.

我们继续读约拿书,本周进入预言的核心(第1章4-17节),在我们读到约拿逃离伊赫的预言召唤时,却发现自己被受惊的水手们扔到海里,然后被一条大鱼吞了下去,乔纳的肚子在人类想象之外的环境中度过了三天三夜。当我们提出并回答“谁?”“什么时候?”“为什么?”和“什么?”问题,the assumption often made by readers and about the Book of Jonah is that the story is so implausible that it cannot be historical.  When viewed in this manner the fictional story of Jonah becomes an object lesson or moralistic tale about obeying God's will so as not to suffer the consequences–like those which befall the reluctant prophet.

但当我们回顾约拿故事中那些广为人知的细节,并思考上帝召约拿去尼尼微宣讲耶和华的话的更大目的时,我们发现这个预言的真正信息——神的目的是要拯救外邦罪人在他的约民之外,以色列。当我们为小先知们建立起救赎的历史背景时,在迦南的时候,YHWH's people were to be witnesses of his mercy and righteousness to the Gentile nations all around them.  Because of Israel's failure to drive all the Canaanites from the promised land (as recounted in the Book of Joshua) over time,the people of God became more pagan than Hebrew (the message of the Book of Judges).  Israel's idolatry and failure to keep the terms of Israel's covenant with YHWH,led to a terrible civil war and a divided nation–Israel in the north and Judah in the south.  Given Israel's rapid and downward spiritual spiral the Northern Kingdom never did serve as a missionary witness to the surrounding Gentile nations.  Instead,以色列成了罪恶的一个可悲的例子,不听话,以及宗教上的妥协。以色列面临着一定的审判,因为YWH长期的忍耐终于结束了。

以色列人若遵守神的道和约,耶和华必保护他的百姓不受四围外邦人的害,including Syria and Assyria to the north.  A very important element to the back story of the Book of Jonah is that YHWH's call of Jonah is part of YHWH's greater missionary purpose to ensure that his word is preached to Gentile nations–even to Israel's enemies.  We saw that YHWH sent the prophet Amos to Israel to call the nation to repentance.  But YHWH sends Jonah to Nineveh in Assyia–Israel's fiercest enemy.  Although the Jews are YHWH's chosen people,his redemptive plan includes Gentiles.  YHWH will extend salvation to the very ends of the earth.

We risk completely missing the message of the Book of Jonah if we understand it merely to be a moralistic fable about not obeying God's call and suffering the consequences.  The Book of Jonah is a prophetic revelation of God's missionary purposes for his people as is typical of the Minor Prophets.  Since Israel has failed in its mission to be YHWH's witness to the Gentiles,YHWH calls Jonah to be his witness to Assyria.  Jonah's reluctance to go to Nineveh reflects the fact that he is a loyal Israelite who does not want to see his enemy (Assyria) repent,当他知道除非耶和华介入并拯救以色列人,否则他的子民将被亚述人压死。


可能 06 二千零一十九


星期天的上午,5月12日:当我们深入了解保罗写给提摩太的第一封信时,we come to Paul's charge for Christians to pray for all people through the mediatorial work of Christ.  Our text is 1 Timothy 2:1-7.  Our worship service begins at 10:30 a.m.

周日下午:我们将在海德堡问答题研究(Q&A 9-11)中度过主的第五天。我们目前正在代表我们讨论基督的工作,以确保我们的救赎(问题12-15)。我们下午的服务从下午1点15分开始。




可能 05 二千零一十九



可能 02 二千零一十九



4月 30. 二千零一十九


4月 30. 二千零一十九



几乎每个人都知道约拿的故事——一个不情愿的希伯来人先知,被他的船友们吓得落水,结果被一条大鱼(通常被认为是鲸鱼)吞下,然后在鱼的肚子里待上三天三夜,在被鱼吐到国外海岸之前,强迫约拿去传道给尼尼微人,当约拿最终完成他的福音使命时,尽管他很不情愿,但他还是集体悔改了。这个故事很简单,一个孩子可以理解,but complex enough that theologians and biblical scholars still debate its meaning.  The Book of Jonah is next up in our series on the Minor Prophets.  Lord willing,我们将在这本书中花四个星期的时间来讨论下一个小先知,何西阿

Whenever we begin a study of any new book of the Bible it is important to ask and answer several questions to make sure we interpret the book and its message correctly.  Who was Jonah,他什么时候出生的,他为什么写这本书,and what is in it?  How does this particular prophecy compare with the other Minor Prophets (the Twelve)?  These questions are especially important with a book like Jonah,很多人认为这是寓言或道德寓言,把这个故事看得太不可思议了,不可能说成是历史事件。怎么会有人被鲸鱼活活吞下去,活三天呢?不,批评人士说,这不可能是历史,所以这一定是一个寓言,一个教学寓言,或者一部小说,旨在教导我们一些重要的精神或道德真理。

当我们通过这个虚构的镜头来解释约拿的预言时,读者的注意力通常集中在约拿身上,一个不愿听从上帝意愿的先知的主要例子。不服从上帝,约拿发现自己在鲸鱼的肚子里,直到上帝宽恕鲸鱼,然后把约拿安全地吐出来——如果有点发抖的话。故事的寓意是,如果上帝叫你做你不想做的事,learn the lesson of the story of Jonah.  Obey the Lord and avoid the kind of calamity which comes upon those who,像Jonah一样,不会做上帝想让他们做的事。

但当我们问然后回答“谁?”“什么时候?”“为什么?”和“什么?”问题,很明显约拿的预言不是寓言,nor does it offer such a trivial and moralistic message.  This is not a "once upon a time in a land far away"kind of book.  The prophecy opens with Jonah's personal ancestry–revealing the name of his father enabling us to compare other biblical references to this family,从而将约拿的事奉与耶罗波安二世的统治直接联系起来,以色列(北方王国)最后的统治者之一——正如我们在刚刚结束的关于阿摩司的系列文章中所看到的,在我们关于小先知的入门布道中。

Jonah's prophecy comes in the form of a prophetic narrative (much like 1 and 2 Kings) with a song/Psalm included within the narrative (chapter 2).  It is clearly set in a particular period of time–the final days of Israel (the Northern Kingdom).  Yet unlike the books of the Kings,约拿书并没有强调神的先知的顺服,去承担一个艰难的预言的使命。相反,约拿书集中论述先知不愿意完成他的使命。但那是什么使命?这是一个不常被适当考虑的关键问题。

当读者从这个故事的耸人听闻的细节——水手和风暴中退后时,大的鱼,这三天——显而易见的是,上帝的最终目的(无论约拿是否恰当地回应了这个目的)是将拯救延伸到即将入侵以色列(北方王国)的同一个国家(亚述)的心脏,消灭以色列,杀戮,捕捉,or exiling its inhabitants.  Jonah's reluctance to preach YHWH's message to Israel's enemy highlights the importance of that message–even in the days of Israel and Judah (mid 700's B.C.),耶和华的恩典是要拯救罪人,这一目标不仅限于以色列。